Orange in History:
“New Orange” was once the name of New York City, in 1673. The Dutch were occupiers of the region during the second Dutch- Anglo war.
Nepalese Buddhists use a dye of this color to cast over holy sculptures to mean that they had given money to the temple.
Saffron was used by Alexander the Great to give his hair a golden hue.
During imperial times in China, this saffron color could only be used by the emperor.
Orange as a Symbol:
School buses have traditionally been painted this color. The hue is a warning sign. Also the contrast between black and orange are the easiest to read.
In Christian art, this color has the meaning of purity, chastity, and generosity. When in scenes of Paradise, it represents the fall of man and redemption.
Toxicity of Chrome colors:
Van Gogh had a sequester in St. Remy, an asylum for the insane near Arles, France.
He painted outdoors as much as possible and loved the hues, yellow, blue an orange. It is said that he was found with his mouth full of chrome yellow after he had squeezed it from the tube. This was during the time he was having psychotic episodes. These toxic pigments with chromium were full of lead.
Orange as a Pigment:
An early source for this pigment was crocoite (Greek for saffron), discovered in Siberia in 1762. In 1797, French chemist Vauquelin found an element in crocoite that he named “Chromium” (Greek word for color). When blended with alkali it becomes a bright orange.
Chrome colors became popular soon after and remain so in the pigment industry today.
Benefits of Orange:
Foods with color in this hue, carrots, oranges, papaya, pumpkin, peppers, rutabaga and apricots, contain carotenoids. This ingredient converts to vitamin A, which aids in night vision.
Much of this information comes from Victoria Finlay’s books on Color.